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What are the main functions of a foundation?

What are the main functions of a foundation?

To increase the stability of the structure, foundations are generally placed below the ground level. Following are the main functions of foundations : To transmit and distribute the total load of the strucĀ­ture to a larger area of underlying support. To prevent differential settlement of the structure.

Where is the foundation located in a building?

Foundation is the lower portion of the building usually located below ground level, which transmits the loads of the super structure to the supporting soil.

Why are Foundations placed below the ground level?

To increase the stability of the structure, foundations are generally placed below the ground level. To transmit and distribute the total load of the strucĀ­ture to a larger area of underlying support. To prevent differential settlement of the structure. To provide stability to the structure. Spread Foundations.

What should I use to build a foundation?

The construction of the foundation can be done with concrete, steel, stones, bricks etc. The material and the type of foundation selected for the desired structure depends on the design loads and the type of underlying soil.

What is the function of a foundation of a building?

Functions of Foundation Reduction of load intensity. Foundation distributes the loads of the super structure, to a larger area so that the intensity of the load at its base (i.e. Even distribution of load. Foundations distribute the non-uniform load of the super structure evenly to the sub soil. Provision of level surface. Lateral stability. Safety against undermining.

What is the primary purpose of a foundation?

The main purpose of the foundation is is to distribute the structural load over a large bearing area without causing bearing capacity failure and excessive settlement to obtain a level and hard strata or bed for building operations to increase the stability of the structure as a whole.

What are the requirements of a good foundation?

Requirements Of A Good Foundation. A foundation to serve its purpose needs to satisfy the following criteria. The foundations should sustain the dead and imposed loads and transmit these to the sub-soil in such a way that pressure on it will not cause settlement which would impair the stability of the building or adjoining structures.

What is the foundation of a building?

Foundation is the lowest part of the building or the civil structure that is in direct contact with the soil which transfers loads from the structure to the soil safely. Generally, the foundation can be classified into two, namely shallow foundation and deep foundation. A shallow foundation transfers the load to a stratum present in a shallow depth.