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What are two ways the central nervous system can be damaged?

What are two ways the central nervous system can be damaged?

Originating from your brain, it controls your movements, thoughts and automatic responses to the world around you. It also controls other body systems and processes, such as digestion, breathing and sexual development (puberty). Diseases, accidents, toxins and the natural aging process can damage your nervous system.

How can you damage your CNS?

It can be damaged by the following:

  1. Trauma.
  2. Infections.
  3. Degeneration.
  4. Structural defects.
  5. Tumors.
  6. Blood flow disruption.
  7. Autoimmune disorders.

What causes CNS injury?

Traumatic brain injury usually results from a violent blow or jolt to the head or body. An object that goes through brain tissue, such as a bullet or shattered piece of skull, also can cause traumatic brain injury. Mild traumatic brain injury may affect your brain cells temporarily.

Why is damage to the CNS permanent?

Many forms of brain and spinal cord (CNS) damage cut axons. Where axons can regenerate, as in peripheral nerves, they can bring back function. This is the main reason why paralysis and loss of sensation is permanent in conditions such as spinal cord injury.

How can I repair my nervous system naturally?

Follow the prevention guidelines below to keep your body and nervous system healthy:

  1. Exercise regularly.
  2. Do not smoke or use other tobacco products.
  3. Get plenty of rest.
  4. Take care of health conditions that may cause decreased nervous system functioning, such as:
  5. Eat a balanced diet.

What happens if the CNS is damaged?

You may experience the sudden onset of one or more symptoms, such as: Numbness, tingling, weakness, or inability to move a part or all of one side of the body (paralysis). Dimness, blurring, double vision, or loss of vision in one or both eyes. Loss of speech, trouble talking, or trouble understanding speech.

Can the CNS repair itself?

Unlike tissue in the peripheral nervous system, that in the central nervous system (the spinal cord and brain) does not repair itself effectively.

What are the signs of paralysis?

The most common paralysis symptom is the loss of muscle function in one or more parts of the body….Symptoms

  • numbness or pain in the affected muscles.
  • muscle weakness.
  • visible signs of muscle loss (muscle atrophy)
  • stiffness.
  • involuntary spasms or twitches.

Can nerves grow back?

When one of your nerves is cut or damaged, it will try to repair itself. The nerve fibres (axons) shrink back and ‘rest’ for about a month; then they begin to grow again. Axons will regenerate about 1mm per day. The extent to which your nerve will recover is variable, and it will always be incomplete.

Does an MRI scan show nerve damage?

An MRI may be able help identify structural lesions that may be pressing against the nerve so the problem can be corrected before permanent nerve damage occurs. Nerve damage can usually be diagnosed based on a neurological examination and can be correlated by MRI scan findings.

What kind of diseases can be found in the CNS?

Infections: some micro-organisms and viruses can invade the CNS; these include fungi, such as cryptococcal meningitis; protozoa, including malaria; bacteria, as is the case with leprosy, or viruses. Degeneration: in some cases, the spinal cord or brain can degenerate.

What are the components of the CNS system?

The CNS has three main components: the brain, the spinal cord, and the neurons (or nerve cells).

Why is it difficult to recreate the central nervous system?

The complexity of the central nervous system makes the formation of the right connections between brain and spinal cord cells very difficult. It is a huge challenge for scientists to recreate the central nervous system that existed before the injury.

How is the CNS different from the peripheral nervous system?

The CNS receives sensory information from the nervous system and controls the body’s responses. The CNS is differentiated from the peripheral nervous system, which involves all of the nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord that carry messages to the CNS.

What is the function of the CNS in the body?

The CNS consists of the brain and spinal cord. It controls most bodily functions — including breathing and the heart — by sending messages between the brain and other nerves via the spinal cord. It plays a role in essential bodily processes:

What are the symptoms of a central nervous system injury?

The most frequent symptoms include: 1 temporary loss of vision (typically amaurosis fugax). 2 difficulty speaking (aphasia). 3 weakness on one side of the body (hemiparesis). 4 numbness or tingling (paresthesia), usually on one side of the body.

What are the side effects of CNS depression?

Effects may include: 1 problems with thought, memory, and judgment 2 disorientation and confusion 3 muscle weakness 4 loss of coordination 5 slurred speech

What causes nerve damage in the spinal column?

Motor neuron diseases. The motor neurons are nerves in your brain and spinal column that communicate with the muscles throughout your body. Diseases that affect these nerves, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also called ALS or Lou Gehrig’s disease, can result in progressively worsening nerve damage.